Tira Robert

Title: Liquid Biopsy

smokers, and people with the HPV virus. Risk factors include tobacco use, alcohol, viral infections, and radiation exposure. The clinical picture varies from asymptomatic precancerous lesions to advanced symptoms such as severe pain and difficulty speaking and swallowing.

Diagnosis is based on physical examination and biopsy, and staging is done according to the TNM system. Treatment involves surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these, depending on the stage of the disease and other factors. The prognosis depends on the stage of the disease and the presence of HPV.

Despite advances in treatment, oral cancer remains a challenge and can have serious complications, but early diagnosis and a multidisciplinary approach can significantly improve prognosis.