Enrico Cassai

Title of talk: 

The Microscope in Endodontic Retreatments

Short Description:

We are in 2022 and, in the last 100 years, we have seen many changes in dentistry.

If we focus on endodontics, we can say that big progresses have been done in the equipment and tools that we use, making our therapies faster, easier and more predictable. If I had to choose the innovation that changed endodontics the most, I would surely pick the operating microscope because the more I see, the more I can do.

Of course there is a medium-long learning curve, but the benefits of using a microscope are immediate and evident. First of all, it improves the working posture, keeping the back in a straight position and diminishing the risk of developing skeletal problems over the years.

From the operative point of view, the possibility of working in an magnified and illuminated field makes it possible to treat the tooth in a faster and more predictable way and, above all, to treat complex cases. In my communication I would like to emphasize the clinical advantages of using the microscope, starting from the diagnosis and going to the operative part such as: finding missed canals, removing fiber posts, treating perforations, filling apices, removing broken instruments from the canals and performing endodontic surgery.


Dr. Cassai graduated cum laude in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics at University of Ferrara in 1999.He is active member of the Italian Society of Endodontology (SIE) and the Italian Association of Microscopic Dentistry (AIOM). He is associate member of the American Association of Endodontists (AAE) and European Society of Endodontology (ESE).

He is secretary of SERE the Emilia Romagna section of SIE for the year 2015-2017. He is member of the cultural commission of SIE for the year 2017- 2019.

He is member of the member acceptance committee of SIE. In 2004 Dr. Cassai was Preceptor at the Endodontics Department of Loma Linda University (California). He attended Dr. M.Torabinejad’s ward, Dr. Cliff Ruddle’s course center and Dr. Stephen Buchanan’s course center in Santa Barbara (California).

He lectured in courses and conventions both in Italy and abroad as lecturer and he is author of several publications on international scientific journals.

Dr. Cassai is also a contract professor for Endodontology at University of Ferrara (AY 2004-2010 and 2013-2018).

He is active member of Style Italiano Endodontics. Co-author of the book “Retreatments” published by EDRA.

He works in private practice in Ferrara, particularly committed to clinical endodontics, microscopic surgery and aesthetic restorative dentistry.